The two most common conditions for release of documents are:
- Documents Against Payment (D/P): Documents may be released only if the importer makes immediate payment according to the contracted agreement between the exporter and the importer. Also known as sight collection.
- Documents Against Acceptance (D/A): Documents may be released only if the importer accepts the accompanying draft, thereby incurring an obligation to pay at a specified future date. In this arrangement the exporter is exposed to the credit risk of the importer and the political risk of the country. Also known as a term collection.
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